Agroforestry - Biodiversity services

name
Agroforestry - Biodiversity services
field of work
Sustainable Land Management, Biodiversity / Nature Conservation, Climate Change
project initiator
country
Bolivia
description
Agroforestry is one way to increase carbon stocks in the landscape while also providing local people with some immediate benefits from harvesting of crop plants. Yet, we still need to find out which types of trees and agricultural crop plants can be best combined. In addition, demonstration sites are needed to convince farmers of such new land-use approaches. The aim of this project is to establish an agroforestry-biodiversity experiment to identify which combination of trees and edible plants are best suited to facilitate forest restoration while at the same time meliorating the soil in order to ensure its productivity in times of climate change to avoid migration of local farmers. This project is also a research experiment, designed to facilitate transfer of results to a much larger spatial scale compared to the planted area itself and will be carried out in cooperation between Mollesnejta and the Chair of Silviculture at the University of Freiburg in Germany - http://www.waldbau.uni-freiburg.de/. The location of the project is on Mollesnejta research farm in a semiarid Valley of the Bolivian Andes. The farmers in this region live on subsistence agriculture. Malnutrition and poverty are widespread. Reasons for the low yields are that deforestation and overgrazing in the past has caused extreme soil erosion and landslides. In addition, intensive agriculture and the increasing exposure to extreme weather events due to global warming often make farming almost impossible. Agroforestry, the combination of trees and crops in the same area, is an effective solution to this problem because this type of land-use can provide many ecosystem services. Therefore, agroforestry is considered a promising tool for restoring landscapes in face of climate change. For more than 20 years, experiments with agroforestry have been carried out in Mollesnejta. The results show clearly substantial benefits for native biodiversity and that even on extremely degraded sites. As a result of
we are looking for
financial support, cooperation, publicity/visibility
social media
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