Update FOREST for CLIMATE

name
Update FOREST for CLIMATE
field of work
Biodiversity / Nature Conservation, Climate Change
start date
November 1, 2015 
end date
March 31, 2021 
project initiator
country
Switzerland
description
FOREST for CLIMATE — Abstract of the short .pptx presentation at the EEF-Convention in March 2017, Freiburg.i.Br. By Andreas Speich Forests are the most effective Carbon Storage and Sink. However 20-25% of the global CO2-emissions originate from wild vegetation fires. Due to Climate Escalation wild fires will become much more frequent and devastating than in the past. One fourth of the global big wild fires happen in managed forests, many of them in the northern hemisphere, and are technically suppressable in an early stage. CO2 released by such forest fires is the double of the global emissions of all airplanes. In most countries FOREST FIRE FIGHTING is far from being up-to-date, including U.S., Canada, Scandinavia and Russia. See the monstrous fire of Fort McMurray*, Canada, in May 2016, or the estimated 35’000 km2 of forest lost to fires in Russia in the same year. Air delivery of water is by far to slow and often too late. International help sometimes occur, but often too late, not coordinated and with insufficient potential. However although a future number of supra-nationally operating Task Forces composed each of about 12 – 15 water bombers, rapidly deployable, would allow to stop emerging fires in short time, and therefore reducing forest fire CO2 emissions to a fraction of what happens now. In addition the valuable timber resource would be saved. The cost may range around 5 US$ per ton of CO2 prevented to reach the atmosphere. This figure is much lower than any CCS technology. Highly effective (amphibious) water bombers are available from VIKING AIR Canada (http://www.vikingair.com/) . This company continues to manufacture the former Bombardier 415. By far the most effective water bombers are the new Russian BERIEV Be-200 (http://www.beriev.com/eng/core_e.html) available with English cockpit, Rolls Royce engines and European Certificate. But airplanes from both types are at present by far too few in numbers, and they are not integrated.
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